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Ugwuanyi urges Enugu residents to access quality, affordable healthcare in Type-3 PHC facilities



Gov. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi has urged Enugu State residents especially rural dwellers to access quality and affordable healthcare through functional Type-3 Primary Healthcare Centre (PHC) facilities and other PHC centres.

Ugwuanyi made the call while flagging-off the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Week (MNCHW) at Type-3 Modal PHC facility at Ibagwa-Aka community in Igboeze South Local Government Area in Enugu State on Saturday.

The week-long programme, meant for nursing mothers, pregnant women, newborns and children to access comprehensive and free healthcare, is being organised by the Enugu State Primary Health Care Development Agency (ENS-PHCDA) in collaboration with the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA).

Other partners involved in the programme included Ugo Touch of Life Foundation (U-TOLF), Family Health International, UNICEF, WHO and Nigerian Red Cross among others.

Ugwuanyi, represented by Chief Vita Abba, the House of Representative Candidate for Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for Nsukka/Igboeze Federal Constituency, said that his administration had made giant strides in the welfare and wellbeing of rural people in the state.

According to him, this well-equipped and functional Type-3 PHC facility we are in, with two resident doctors, 18 other healthcare staff, good water reticulation and a generating set for 24/7 electricity, is replicated in six other rural communities in the state.

“We have also completed three more, ready for inauguration; while about seven others are in the pipeline to be built in rural areas for the benefit of our rural dwellers and the downtrodden that cannot easily afford expensive healthcare of major cities,” he said.

The governor, however, urged rural dwellers to keep patronising and access the quality and comprehensive healthcare at the Type-3 PHC facilities as well as over 260 functional PHCs dotted in communities within the state.


“As a responsive government; we built these facilities, employed health workers in them, supplied the drugs and got assistance from our health partners to ensure these PHC facilities function optimally for the benefit of our rural people.

“We want our people to access it and take advantage of it, especially the free drugs, medical consumables and care that will be given out in this special week throughout all PHC facilities in the state,” he said.

Earlier, Executive Secretary of ENS-PHCDA, Dr George Ugwu, said that Ugwuanyi would be remembered for “being the father of PHC by signing modern PHC law, making the state partaker in national PHC programmes, building Type-3 PHC facilities, renovating former PHC facilities among others”.

Ugwu said that the governor had recently engaged 20 health workers, which included two resident doctors, four senior nurses and midwives and other health workers in each of the functional Type-3 PHC facilities and employed another number of health workers to man 260 functional PHCs.

“He also engaged 100 nurses and midwives as ad-hoc staff to support the existing staff of all the PHC facilities in the state; even as he have restored the functionality of over 260 PHCs scattered in each political ward of the state; thus, making healthcare provision and accessibility closer to the rural people.

“By working hard to place about 260 PHC facilities in the Basic Health Care Provision Fund (BHCPF), via making them functional as well as retraining of all PHC staff; the state government secured a quarter allowance of N300,000 from the BHCPF fund.

“This allowance has been paid for three quarters now, while the fourth quarter payment is close by. Thus, one can say that they would be receiving over one million per the 260 PHC facilities within one year,” he said.

On the week programme, Ugwu that the ENS-PHCDA and its partners would de-worm all children that visits PHC centres/facilities throughout the state as well as provide them with vitamin A and other medical consumable free-of-charge.


The executive secretary said that nursing and pregnant women would receive quality health and nutritional talk in each facility everyday as well as other medical consumables meant to improve their health conditions free-of-charge.

“We are so grateful to U-TOLF Foundation for the donation of monumental volume of drugs such as worm expellers, vitamin-A and medical consumables meant for children, pregnant and nursing mothers. We highly appreciate the governor’s wife U-TOLF Foundation for supporting PHC greatly and consistently.

“We also thank the NPHCDA, WHO, UNICEF Family Health International and Nigerian Red Cross among many others partnering with the state government for making this Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Week a huge success,’ he added.

Speaking, the state Commissioner for Health, Dr Ikechukwu Obi, represented by the state Director of Public Health, Dr Boniface Okolo, thanked the government for the programme, noting that the health of children and women determines the overall health of a state.

In a goodwill message from one of the partners, Dr Clinton Eze-Okoroikpa, State Team Lead for Family Health International, said that his organization wanted to make an impact on the lives of the people by keying into the programme.

“For over 30 years, Family Health International has been supporting the health and wellbeing of rural dwellers in the country and being part of this programme showcases what we know how to do best,” Eze-Okoroikpa said.

Mr Richard Asogwu, representative of WHO, commended the government for robust investment in healthcare and uplift of the health of rural dwellers, adding that the WHO would continue to support Enugu State in all its health programmes and projects.

In a welcome address, Chairman of Igboeze South Local Government Area, Chief Vitus Okechi, lauded Gov. Ugwuanyi for building and making functional a Type-3 model PHC facility as well as renovating and revitalizing other PHCs back to life in the council as area.


“To support our health-loving governor, the council has decided to off-set all anti-natal and pregnancy delivery costs of all pregnant women in this Type-3 PHC facility. So, I declared this facility pregnancy and newborn friendly,” Okechi said.

One of the beneficiaries of free anti-natal care, Mrs Ijeoma Okoroafor, thanked the chairman and Gov. Ugwuanyi for the rare gesture, adding: “I will surely appreciate PDP-led government and Gov. Ugwuanyi going for Senate by voting for them on Saturday, Feb. 25”.

Another beneficiary, Mrs Joyce Akah, thanked Ugwuanyi and Okechi for caring for the downtrodden people, “even in this hard time”.

“I will definitely mobilise my family members, relatives and friends to vote for Gov. Ugwuanyi for Senate, Abba for Representative and Okechi for state House of Assembly and other PDP candidates. One good turn deserves another,” Akah said.

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Tinubu approves upgrade of Federal College Dental Technology Enugu to University



Tinubu won’t resign, Fed Govt replies PDP governors
President Bola Ahmed Tinubu

As part of his dedicated efforts to build robust human resources for the health and social welfare sector, President Bola Tinubu has approved the conversion of the Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Enugu, to a full-fledged University of Allied Health Sciences.

This is contained in a statement by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Chief Ajuri Ngelale on Thursday in Abuja

He stated,”The Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy in Enugu will now be known as the Federal University of Allied Health Sciences, Enugu, and will be domiciled under the Federal Ministry of Health and Social Welfare.

“This presidential directive comes at a time when President Tinubu, who doubles as the African Union (AU) Champion for Human Resources for Health, is set to train 120,000 frontline health workers nationwide within 16 months; to double the number of primary health facilities in local communities across all local government areas of the federation from 8,800 presently to over 17,000 over the next three years, and is doubling the number of health personnel graduating from accredited nursing and midwifery institutions over the next three years in order to meet the aspirations of Nigerians for accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare services across the nation.”

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Japa: 26,715 health workers left Nigeria for UK



Japa: 26,715 health workers left Nigeria for UK
•National President of MHWUN, Comrade Kabiru Ado Sani Minjibirq
The Medical and Health Workers Union of Nigeria (MHWUN) has said that available records from the British government showed that a total of 18,224 Nigerian health workers were granted visas by the United Kingdom in one year.

It said that the worrisome brain drain in the country ‘s health sector is becoming really scary.

According to the union, Nigeria presently topped the list of emigrant health workers in Africa as the number of Nigerians under the health and care skilled work visa has risen by 215 per cent (18,224), from 8,491 in 2022 to 26,715 as at end of 2023.

Quoting the figures from the National Association of Nigerian Nurses and Midwives (NANNM), the National President of MHWUN, Comrade Kabiru Ado Sani Minjibir, also said that about 75,000 nurses from Nigeria have left the shores of the country to practise their trade in the United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Australia and others between 2017 and 2023.

Minjibir gave the mind-blowing statistics in a speech delivered at the 11th Quadrennial National Delegates Conference of MHWUN in Abuja Friday.

He lamented that the current economic woes in the country is impacting negatively on the health sector, adding that workers in the health institutions in Nigeria are worst hit as the economy degenerates.

He blamed the exodus of health professionals from the country on the poor welfare conditions and dilapidated facilities, saying that many health workers who were unable to stand the heat choose to leave for foreign countries.

Giving further insights on the state of affairs in the country’s healthcare system, Minjibir said: “Today in Nigeria, the doctor to patients ratio has ballooned to about one doctor to 5,000 patients. Instead of one nurse to 144 patients, the figures have shut to one nurse to 1,660 patients.

“The result is that the few remaining health workers are overloaded with an overwhelming healthcare burden of a population of over 220 million people.”


In the area of welfare, Minjibir said the remuneration structure and delivery in most of our public health Institutions constituted a disgrace.

He said that a comparative analysis of the salaries earned by doctors in Nigeria and five developed countries showed that from 2019 and since the adjustment of the minimum wage to date, an average doctor in Nigeria earns about $5,912.

“In contrast, an average medical doctor in Canada earns about $75,460. Doctors in the US earn about $79,400 annually while those in the UK earn an average $63,600. In Germany, a doctor earns about $143,500 in a year, while it is $83,927 in France and $70,386 in Italy. This humongous difference in salary applies to other cadres of health workers,” he said.

Minjibir said that it is not only doctors and nurses that are leaving the country but other health professionals in fields of radiography, laboratory science and technicians, morticians, community and environmental health workers.

He said that anotherr worrisome dimension is that most of the health workers that left the country were hardly replaced thus compounding the occupational stress of the few remaining workforce in the health sector.

However, the MHWUN president said that there are still many Nigerian health workers who are willing and committed to stay in the country and make sacrifices despite the poor remuneration but that they are being discouraged by unattractive work environment.

On the efforts made by the union to improve the situation in the health sector, Minjibir said that both MHWUN and the Joint Health Sector Unions (JOHESU) has held series of engagements with the Federal government which culminated in the signing of several agreements.

He said that some of the successfully negotiated agreements include the Consolidated Health Salary Structure (CONHESS), increased hazard allowance for health workers, consultancy status for different health sector professionals, COVID-19 allowance, wage award and the flagship (CONHESS) adjustment, among others.


Apart from ensuring that the conditions of work, especially health infrastructure, is standard, Minjibir said that government should overhaul public health policies to ensure adequate healthcare financing, investment, research and innovation.

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Is menopause getting worse? How obesity, birth control and ‘forever chemicals’ in water are making hot flashes more intense



Is menopause getting worse? How obesity, birth control and 'forever chemicals' in water are making hot flashes more intense
  • Women of more recent generations report more hot flashes than older ones

Women are experiencing more severe menopause than previous generations of women, research suggests.

Doctors and data researchers are now coming to the conclusion that a multitude of factors – obesity, medication use, chemicals in food and pollution – are making women genetically prone to worse symptoms.

For example, nearly four in 10 middle-aged women are obese, which leaves them with chronic inflammation that already causes a host of issues the menopause makes worse – trouble sleeping, aching muscles and hot flashes. 

And there is some evidence people today living in cities with high rates of air pollution have genetic mutations that make them vulnerable to inflammation.

Additionally, women today are also more likely to speak up about their symptoms, discuss them with other women, and seek treatment from doctors, which researchers add could be responsible for the inflated numbers and help explain why women today seem to experience worse transitions.

Hot flashes are the most commonly reported symptom of menopause, with 75 percent of women having these sudden, brief increases in body temperature

Women born in 1954 and 1966 were nearly twice as likely to experience daily hot flashes at age 50 than women born in 1918 and 1930, regardless of obesity, smoking status and stress

Women born in 1954 and 1966 were nearly twice as likely to experience daily hot flashes at age 50 than women born in 1918 and 1930, regardless of obesity, smoking status and stress

Menopause occurs when the ovaries stop making estrogen, the female sex hormone.

Women are considered menopausal when they haven’t had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months, at which point their normal periods stop completely and they can no longer have babies.

Most women experience it between the ages of 45 and 55, but the average age in the US is 51.


Night sweats and hot flashes are the most commonly reported symptoms, but a sweeping study across generations has shown women born earlier had fewer of them.

The data comes from Sweden, where researchers investigated groups of 50-year-old women born in 1918 and 1930 – the ‘earlier-born cohorts’ – and those born in 1954 and 1966, the ‘later-born cohorts.’ Those born in the later generation had more frequent hot flashes than those preceding them.

Even after taking into account smoking history, perceived high stress levels, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, hormone therapy, and hormonal contraceptives, recent birth cohorts still showed higher odds of experiencing daily hot flashes compared to earlier cohorts.

It could be a function of women being more open about menopause overall. The condition has traditionally been viewed as a time in a woman’s life when she is no longer vital or attractive.

The menopausal transition usually lasts about 7 years, during which time women can experience a long roster of symptoms that go beyond just hot flashes and night sweats

The menopausal transition usually lasts about 7 years, during which time women can experience a long roster of symptoms that go beyond just hot flashes and night sweats

But now, there is a growing number of women willing to share their menopause experiences to raise awareness and benefit others in the same transitional life stage. With that has come support groups and an increased willingness in the medical community to learn how to treat the symptoms.

Menopause is also increasingly becoming a viable market for pharmaceutical companies, too.

The global menopause treatment market is expected to reach a value of more than $22 billion in 2032, up from $13.3 billion in 2022, according to Future Market Insights’ most recent industry analysis.

Still, almost a quarter of women do not feel comfortable talking about menopause, which is discussed in hushed tones.


But social acceptance of the topic has grown since the latter half of the 20th century with the women’s reproductive health and feminist movements.

The world has changed drastically since the older cohorts in the Swedish study were born. Before the 1980s, for instance, obesity was a rare condition.

In the US today, roughly four in 10 women have obesity, a marker for poorer all-around health and a higher risk of chronic diseases.

Obese women are more likely to report hot flashes than women with a normal BMI.

Body fat is like insulation. When there’s more of it, it’s harder for heat to escape, leading the body to get overheated more easily, causing hot flashes.

Just as obesity rates have changed over time, so have concentrations of people living in areas with unhealthy levels of pollution.

An estimated 119 million Americans live among air pollution that could harm their health, and humans live with the threat of microplastics and forever chemicals contaminating food and drinking water.

Dr Susan Reed, an obstetrician/gynecologist and professor at the University of Washington, told the Washington Post: ‘Our DNA is more complex than just what gets passed down through our eggs and sperm.


‘There’s no question that the complexity of our environment today is modifying our DNA if we look at behavior through time and how organisms adapt.’

Pollution, particularly certain chemicals found in the air and water, such as PFAS, are known to disrupt the endocrine system, which governs the balance of hormones in the body, potentially affecting estrogen, progesterone, and other hormone levels – all of which factor into menopause.

Prolonged exposure to endocrine disruptors may contribute to irregular menstrual cycles, fertility issues, and alterations in menopause onset.

The intensity of menopause isn’t the only thing that’s changed over time.

A separate 2020 study of 312,600 women born in Norway between 1936 and 1964 found the age of menopause onset increased by more than two years between women in the earlier cohort (born between 1936 and 1939) and women in the later cohort (born between 1960 and 1964), rising from 50.3 years old to 52.7 years old.

Late menopause has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but also with an increased life expectancy.

Daily Mail

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